Urban areas that have existed for many years display more than just the marks of the past. They showcase the constructive and destructive effects of human civilization. The world’s oldest cities have gorgeous architecture and great tales, but only a few of them are still standing today. Remains are still being discovered, but there may be some controversy over each city’s historical record. Many of these cities have major cultural worth.
Jericho, West Bank
Jericho, which is now located in the West Bank, is also the world’s lowest city. It is located at an elevation of about – 258m. The town now has a population of over 25,000 people. The history of this city was exceptionally turbulent since the city was demolished circa 1,500 BC for an unknown reason. Jericho or Palestine is one of the world’s oldest towns that is continually inhabited, with researchers finding occupancy evidence dating back to 9,000 BC. The Jordan Valley along with the Jordan River, and Jerusalem has also been under Israeli control since 1967. Archaeological investigations have found signs of many ancient settlements, dating back approximately 11,000 years.
The Arameans were responsible for establishing a clean water network system in Damascus during their colonization. Alexander the Great afterwards captured the city. Its historical attractions made it an attractive place to visit before the recent upheaval. The city has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1979. Damascus has been cited by investigations and statistical data as the world’s oldest lived city. It was also dubbed the capital of Arab culture in 2008. The city of Damascus might have been inhabited between 8,000 and 10,000 BC, although there is no indication that it was a major metropolis at the time. Damascus has always been a primary target of rulers and invaders.
This city remained under Hittite rule until approximately 800 BC when it passed into the hands of the Assyrians, Greeks, and Persians. Later, it was besieged by the Romans, Byzantines, and Arabs, attacked by the Crusaders, and eventually conquered by the Mongols and Ottomans. It was the largest city in the Syrian area and the third-largest city in the Ottoman Empire for numerous centuries. With almost 4.4 million inhabitants in its metropolitan, Aleppo is Syria’s most densely populated city, located between the Mediterranean Sea and Mesopotamia. Aleppo is by far one of the world’s oldest cities, being recorded in Paleo-Babylonian times underneath the title “Halab.”
Byblos was developed by the Phoenicians as Gebal and acquired its name from the Greeks, who bought papyrus first from the city. Over generations, the city has been Greece’s primary exporter of papyrus. Starting in the fourth millennium BC. Byblos has been the source of the term Bible. The ancient Phoenician temples, Byblos Castle, and the Church of St. John Mark, constructed by the Crusaders in the 12th century, are the city’s primary attractions, as are the mediaeval old town walls. A more recent attraction is the Byblos International Festival (music). The city, which is approximately 40 kilometres from Beirut, welcomes visitors from all over the world due to its unique combination of beaches, hills, and historic ruins.
Athens’ significance as the birthplace of Western civilisation and democracy is still highly visible. For over 7,000 years, Athens has been colonized. The Ottoman, Byzantine, and Roman civilizations all left their marks on the city’s façade. This is the origin of many famous thinkers, writers, playwrights, and artists. The city has had its ups and downs and was not always as important as it is now.
Susa no longer remains, although Shush is a remote village that lies roughly on the location of the old city. As a result, you may detect some consistency. Susa, which dates from 8000 BC, serves as the gateway of the Elamite Empire until being conquered by the Assyrians. The Achaemenid Empire, led by Cyrus the Greek, then conquered it. It is the setting for Aeschylus’ play The Persians, an Athenian drama that is the earliest in the history of the play. Shushan, a contemporary city with a population of roughly 65,000 inhabitants, is referenced in the biblical writings of Esther, Nehemiah, and Daniel.
Plovdiv, Bulgaria’s second-largest city, has been originally a walled Thracian city before being a great Roman metropolis. This was eventually captured by the Byzantines and Ottomans before being incorporated by Bulgaria. The city is a cultural centre with many historical ruins, such as an amphitheatre and a Roman aqueduct. Throughout its history, it has been ruled by the Byzantines and the Ottomans until it was completely taken over by the Bulgarians in 815. Plovdiv’s name initially appeared in the 15th century. Following World War II, communism was established in the nation, and the city became the focal point for democratic movements that defeated the system in 1989.
India is the world’s most recognised centre of early civilizations, cultures, and spirituality as well as the cradle of the world’s oldest cities. Varanasi, originally known as Benares, has been a religious and cultural centre in India for at least 5000 years.
Jerusalem is one of the cities which is thought to be approximately 4,000 to 5,000 years old. However, due to the unique culture of three religions, this city has its place on the globe. The ancient sources for these three religions, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, may be found here. Jerusalem is recognized as a religious centre. According to historian Eric H. Cline, the city was destroyed at least twice, beleaguered 23 times, and invaded 52 times. And it was seized, lost, and recaptured again 44 times.